The Collart-Palmyre Object Database is a work in progress. Objects are weekly added therefore the current version is not final.
Collart-Palmyre Object Database
The Collart-Palmyre Object Database contains descriptions and photographs of the archaeological artefacts found by the Swiss team of archaeologists in the Baalshamin Sanctuary. The database intends to offer an effective way to identify the items registered in the archive. For the database to be effective and to ensure that everyone can use it efficiently, only a limited number of fields containing relevant information for the identification of the object have been registered.
The structure of the items inventory sheets is based on the Object-ID system, the international standard used to describe cultural objects. In addition to the technical sheets, the Collart-Palmyre Object Database offers a fully searchable photo databank that might simplify the process of item identification. All the book references mentioned in the « inventory files » sheets are fully developed on the page « Bibliography ». The six scientific volumes related to the sanctuary of Baalshamin are available for consultation on the page « documentation ».
Paul Collart was a Swiss archaeologist and professor at the universities of Geneva and Lausanne. In 1953, he was asked by the UNESCO to establish an inventory of the Syrian and Lebanese cultural properties. From 1954 to 1956, he led the Swiss archaeological excavations in the city of Palmyra and took a particular interest in studying the Baalshamin temple.
Sixty to eighty workers and a large team of experts took part in Paul Collart's archaeological excavations and researches in Palmyra. Among them were Christiane Dunant, Rudolf Fellmann, Jacques Vicari, Luc Boissonnas, Jean-Daniel Candaux and Manuel Baud-Bovy. Father Antoine Poidebard was the first to conduct an aerial field survey of the area and his work, that is also included in our database, greatly assisted the members of the project. After his death in 1981, Paul Collart's descendants bequeathed his personal archives to the University of Lausanne's Institute of archaeology and ancient studies (ASA-UNIL). His archives contained about 3'000 photographs of a dozen archaeological sites and monuments, including the Baalshamin temple.
As a result of the recent destruction of the Baalshamin temple, Paul Collart's documentation is now the best source of information for the study of this monument. The value of this Archive is of high importance to any future rebuilding or restoration project.
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